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CICLY · Lethal Yellowing Disease of Coconut Palm

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LY info needed   Message List  
Reply | Forward | Delete Message #2102 of 2180 |
Re: C I C L Y Re: LY info needed

Dear John,
 
Each country should set its import conditions based upon the international standard for pest risk analysis. Many countries have not done this, or are in the process of amending their legislation. Some countries (eg where palms can only be grown as indoor ornamental plants) may not require any phytosanitary requirements, so would not issue an import permit. Nevertheless, the usual rule is that a permit is issued by the importing country with the appropriate requirements specified. These have to be met by the exporter and certified in accordance with international standards by USDA/APHIS, otherwise the trade cannot take place,
 
Bob Ikin
 
 
----- Original Message -----
From: John
Sent: Tuesday, March 06, 2007 4:14 PM
Subject: RE: C I C L Y Re: LY info needed

Bob,

 Thanks for the information. I had no idea the United Nations set the rules or that the International Plant Protection Convention even existed. I would like full access to this site but it seems most of the information is proprietary. New World Order soon come under agenda 21.

 We export ornamental horticulture products, palm trees being a part of this mix. Most every country requires a PC from the exporting country before imports are allowed. Each country has (had) itís list of what is acceptable and what is not. Most (?)  countries have not taken the time or made the effort to update or even create what is or is not acceptable. Many of the Islands in the Caribbean, countries in the Middle East and Eastern Europe have nothing in place, or are in a state of change. The USDA is telling me that if the information is not listed and we must obtain an import permit. The information I seek on LY was requested by the importing government. Am I correct in assuming that each country still has the authority to issue import permits if they so desire. Or must the signatories to this convention be in compliance with international standards.  

Hugh,

 Thanks for the input. In some of my research on the host plants I read that LY not only affects palms but also pandanus is this just P. utilis or all pandanus? Also that the symptoms vary from host to host. Any links that anyone has as to how the symptoms are displayed on the different species susceptible to LY would be greatly appreciated.  

Thanks,

John


From: CICLY@yahoogroups.com [mailto:CICLY@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of hugh.harries
Sent: Monday, March 05, 2007 3:15 AM
To: CICLY@yahoogroups.com
Subject: C I C L Y Re: LY info needed

John

In your first point you should refer to LY as a "phytoplasma", not a
"protoplasm".

In the second point you might add words to the effect that "although
in situ PCR detection of phytoplasma DNA in embryos from coconut palms
with lethal yellowing disease was reported 4 years ago, no LY infected
seedlings have ever been obtained, even by tissue culture". Nor has
any evidence ever been found for seednut transmission of LY naturally
germinated in a plantation, seed garden or a field nursery.

Hugh

--- In CICLY@yahoogroups.com, "John" <redland@...> wrote:
>
> In order to export plants I need a Phyto Cirt. The USDA is telling
me that
> the only way they can issue one is if we get an import permit form the
> country we are exporting to.
> The official responsible for issuing the import permit requested the
> following information. I have responded to the best of my abilities
but want
> to expand my statement and make sure I am on firm ground. Any input
would be
> most appreciated.
>
> Respectively submitted,
> John DeMott
>
> 1. Cautions taken to avoid Lethal Yellowing contamination:
>
> We have not had a serious outbreak of LY in South Florida in the
last 12 to
> 15 years. It is no longer a threat to our landscapes. An isolated tree,
> usually a coconut, may die occasionally but it is quickly removed.
The only
> way to tell how it died is by observing the symptoms of decline. The
> protoplasm causing this problem has not been isolated nor have scientist
> been able to infect healthy trees.
>
> 2. Specimen or plant sample analysis regarding presence of LY:
>
> Sampling for lethal yellowing can only be accomplished at a cellular
level
> and sampling healthy trees would be cost prohibitive.
>



Thu Mar 8, 2007 3:38 am

"bob ikin" <bobikin@bigpond.net.au>
bobikin@bigpond.net.au
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Message #2102 of 2180 |
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In order to export plants I need a Phyto Cirt. The USDA is telling me that the only way they can issue one is if we get an import permit form the country we...
John
redlandn
Offline Send Email
Mar 2, 2007
11:23 pm

John In your first point you should refer to LY as a "phytoplasma", not a "protoplasm". In the second point you might add words to the effect that "although in...
hugh.harries
Offline Send Email
Mar 5, 2007
8:17 am

Bob, Thanks for the information. I had no idea the United Nations set the rules or that the International Plant Protection Convention even existed. I would ...
John
redlandn
Offline Send Email
Mar 7, 2007
7:24 am

Dear John, Each country should set its import conditions based upon the international standard for pest risk analysis. Many countries have not done this, or...
bob ikin
bobikin@bigpond.net.au
Send Email
Mar 7, 2007
5:14 pm

Pandanus spp Mycoplasmalike bodies were associated with phloem degeneration in declining Pandanus in Florida (Thomas & Donselman, 1979) and phytoplasma were...
hugh.harries
Offline Send Email
Mar 7, 2007
5:54 pm

Hello Hugh, The Pandanus species is Pandanus utilis Nigel ... From: hugh.harries To: CICLY@yahoogroups.com Sent: Wednesday, March 07, 2007 12:48 PM Subject: C...
Nigel A. Harrison
npsabu
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Mar 7, 2007
9:36 pm

It was Pandanus utilis, a species native to Madagascar and very common in cultivation in Florida. Henry Dr. Henry Donselman, Palm Specialist Visit:...
Henry Donselman
palmdoc
Offline Send Email
Mar 7, 2007
9:37 pm

Dear John The IPPC has been around since 1952 :-D and it is the international framework in which all phytosanitary measures (used to be called quarantine ...
Nowell, Dave (AGPP)
Dave.Nowell@fao.org
Send Email
Mar 8, 2007
10:02 am

Dave Many thanks for your detailed answer about the IPPC. Can I ask if there is any legal or formal obligation for government phytosanitary authorities to...
Hugh Harries
hugh.harries
Offline Send Email
Mar 22, 2007
10:00 pm

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